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Elementary

What does Elementary test?

Elementary is A2 on the Common European Framework of Reference. Over the four skills of reading, writing, listening and speaking (optional), new elements that this level tests are:

  • Increased vocabulary
  • Future tenses
  • Present perfect
  • Past continuous
  • Used to
  • Modals
  • Expressing purpose
  • Question tags
  • Relative pronouns
  • Reflexive pronouns
  • Adverbs
  • Some phrasal and prepositional verbs

What does the candidate have to do in their Elementary test?

  • a short composition
  • Match letters
  • Multiple choice questions
  • Fill in gaps
  • Rearrange word order
  • Answer true/false questions

The student has sufficient active vocabulary and structural understanding to:

  • write a short connected text on descriptive or narrative topics
  • read and understand a text from a familiar range of topics
  • ask and answer questions about past or present events
  • distinguish between and use a variety of tenses in familiar contexts: past, present and future
  • express basic intention, purpose, obligation, preference and advice

Grammar and Structures List

Grammar and Structures What are they used for? Some examples
VERBS
Future simple -will
1st conditional - with 'if' clause present and result clause will/won't
Talking about future plans
Talking about future plans which have conditions on them
What will you do when you are older?
If it rains, we won't go to the park.
Future of intention 'be going to' Talking about future intentions I'm going to see a film this evening.
Past continuous - when, while Talking about past activities which were interrupted was having my breakfast when the postman knocked.
While I was studying, he played loud music.
Used to Talking about long past habits and states My father used to work in an office.
My sister used to have long hair.
Modals -should, must Expressing obligation and advice You must study hard if you want to go to university.
You mustn't worry about it.
You should always lock your car.
Infinitive of purpose Talking about the purpose of doing something Jane went to America to learn English.
QUESTION TAGS
Isn't he? Aren't you? Do you? Etc Asking for confirmation of a negative or positive statement or inviting an answer to a question You are coming to my party, aren't you?
You haven't seen my car keys, have you?
RELATIVE PRONOUNS
Which, who, that Identifying people and objects This is the best cake that I have ever eaten.
Jack is the one who is sitting at the back of the class.
REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS
Myself, himself, herself, etc. Identify people and objects He hurt himself.
ADVERBS
Adverbs of frequency, e.g.
never, sometimes; adverbs of manner, e.g. quietly, slowly; adverbs of time, e.g. today, now. Adverbs of degree, e.g. a lot, a little
(and associated word order)
Simple modal adverbs e.g. possibly, probably, perhaps
Adverbs of sequence e.g. first, finally, next, then
Describing how often, how, when and to what extent people do something.
Indicating degree of possibility.
Ordering events and understanding instructions and directions
I have never flown in a plane.
At the moment, the children are playing in the park.
The children walked home slowly.                                
He is probably in his room.
First, I had my breakfast.
Go down the road and then straight on.
The contrast of too/enough Talking about the extent of something The student isn't trying hard enough, he never does his homework.
The student is trying too hard, he will make himself ill.
PREPOSITIONS
Prepositions as used in some very common phrasal verbs* and prepositional phrases*.   You must put on a hat if you go out in the sun.
I am very fond of my pets.
INTENSIFIERS
e.g. really, quite, so, very Indicating degree It is really hot today.
SPOKEN DISCOURSE
Markers e.g. right, well.
Use of substitution.
Structuring conversation.
Responding appropriately
"Right, has everyone got a book?"
I think so. I hope so.
FORMAL IDENTIFICATION
First name, surname, age, date of birth, address, postcode, country, nationality. Coping in formal situations especially when filling in forms Date of Birth: 30.10.78

A good example of an essay at this level:


The Birthday Party

My favourite birthday party was yesterday. I had a great time.
When we woke up in the morning, we went to the cake shop to buy my birthday cake. It was beautiful. It had the shape of a castle. I wanted to eat it before the birthday party but I was patient and I didn't eat it.
In the afternoon, my cousins, my aunt and my uncle finally arrived. I was so happy. We all sang Happy Birthday and after that we ate the cake. I also had a lot of presents.
This day was the best day of my life.

101 words

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