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Preliminary

What does Preliminary test?

Preliminary is the first of the levels to divide the language tested into separate skills: reading (including use of English), writing, listening, and speaking. The speaking is optional. It is also the first of the steps in the 10-step system to reach a Common European Framework of Reference level. It is A1. The new things tested at this level are:

  • About 400 more words (800 altogether, counting the 400 from previous levels)
  • Understanding and use of the past simple, regular and irregular verbs
  • Instructions and commands
  • Adjectives and modifiers, for descriptive and comparative purposes
  • Possession – expressions of ownership
  • Countable and uncountable things, quantifiers both positive and negative

What does the candidate have to do in their Preliminary exam?

  • Multiple choice questions
  • Fill in gaps
  • Answer questions
  • Write questions
  • Write sentences
  • Answer true/false questions

The student

  • has a basic active vocabulary of about 400 words
  • can communicate present and past events, recently completed actions and life experiences
  • can communicate where things are and when things happen
  • can express opposites, comparisons and ownership
  • can ask questions, answer questions, and write full sentences

Grammar and Structures List

Grammar and Structures What are they used for? Some examples
VERBS
Past Simple
including common irregular past forms as well as regular forms,
interrogative and negative
Talking about past events We watched a football match on TV last night.
I drove to the hotel.
Did John drink all the orange juice?
Present Perfect Simple
interrogative and negative
Talking about actions only recently completed
Talking about experiences
The man has just eaten the sandwich.
Have you ever been to London?
I have never seen a dolphin.
Can + bare infinitive Talking about skills. can play the guitar.
Imperative Following single-step instructions in a familiar context Take a piece of paper.
Stand near the door.
ADJECTIVES
Basic adjectives For descriptive purposes, including expressing opposites My father bought a new car yesterday.
Comparatives and superlatives Talking about comparisons between people and things John isn't as tall as Jane.
Sue is the tallest / the most beautiful girl in our class.
My rabbit is older than /more beautiful than my friend's rabbit.
POSSESSIVES
The possessive form Expressing ownership That sandwich is Jane's.
Mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs Talking about ownership, possessions, who things belong to My bicycle is newer than yours.
That book is mine.
QUANTIFIERS
much, many, a lot, a lot of Talking about amounts of things which can and cannot be counted How much money have you got? I've got a lot of it!
It rains a lot in England.
How  many brothers has she got?
some, any Talking about things which can and cannot be counted, in the positive and negative There is some bread.
There isn't any butter.
PREPOSITIONS
by, with, next to Talking about where things are The children are standing next to the clock.
ADVERBS
ever, never, ago, yet, just Talking about when things happen I went to Paris six years ago.

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