General English Exams
Your step by step path the English success.

Anglia Examinations Primary Exam LevelAnglia Primary Level Step to Book


What does Primary test?

  • an understanding of about 400 words (the First Step and Junior words plus 200 more) in familiar categories like jobs, feelings, weather and sport
  • how to make questions and answers
  • how to say you can and can’t do things
  • how to say you’ve got things, like things, haven’t got things and don’t like things
  • how to say the time and describe when things happen
  • understanding messages 

What does the candidate have to do in the Primary exam?

  • read and choose answers
  • identify word groups
  • fill in gaps
  • write some words and phrases
  • answer multiple-choice questions

Performance Indicators

The candidate 

  • has a basic active vocabulary of about 400 words
  • can tell the time
  • can describe present actions, give personal and family information, describe habits, routines, and everyday activities
  • can communicate when and how often an action or event takes place
  • can form questions and negatives

An alternative version is available for adults learning at this level. The exam consists of the same performance indicators, but is based more towards adult senarios. It also reflects an adult's ability to answer a higher number of questions. The word list has been slightly revised. For practice material, please click here. (Link to Adult Learner Practice Material)

Grammar and Structures List

Grammar and Structures What are they used for? Some examples
There is/ there are Identifying something/someone There is a book on the table.
There are four girls in the kitchen.
Present simple Talking about habits, routines, facts (such as where a person lives), the actions of everyday life My uncle lives in a small house.
She is thirteen years old.
I always take the bus to school.
The present simple with the verb 'like' + 'ing' in the third person singular and plural Describing what people or animals like doing My cat likes sleeping in the garden.
My brothers like playing football in the park.
Present continuous Talking about present actions My brothers are playing football in the park at the moment.
Interrogative forms of the above two tenses Asking and answering questions about the above Do they often go to the cinema?
Do you have/ Have you got a computer?
Are the children doing their homework?
Is she eating her breakfast at the moment?
Negative forms of the above two tenses Describing an ability or skill He can play the guitar.
They can cook.
All personal pronouns as subject or object - I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, you, him, her, it, us, them Describing and identifying people, animals and objects Do you want my father?
He is in the garden.
John is with him.
Demonstrative pronouns - this, these, that, those Asking for, and giving information These are tables.
That family is rich.
Is this a kettle?
because, and, or, but, then, next Linking sentence parts and ideas John and Mary are in the garden because it is sunny.
INTERROGATIVE WORDS What, Who, Where, When, Why, How many Asking questions about people, animals and objects What is this?
Who is that girl?
Where are Peter and Paul?
Adverbs of time - today, now, at the moment
Adverbs of frequency - always, never, sometimes, often, usually, every day, every week, every month
Describing when and how often someone does something or something happens.Discriminating between the present continuous and the present simple I usually eat an egg for breakfast.
At the moment, John is playing in the park.
in, on, at, to Talking about time, place, position The examination finishes at 4 pm.
My brother is 10 years old in August.
I am going to Disney World on 1st August.
10.15 = ten fifteen or (a) quarter past ten  Telling the time ten fifteen, twenty past one, half past ten, a quarter to two, eleven forty-five, etc.

simple nouns, including some common irregular ones

Talking about numbers of things


e.g. book-books, box-boxes, man-men, woman-women, child-children, party-parties   I have three sweets.


Countable and uncountable nouns Talking about amounts and quantities Can I have the butter? Can I have two sweets?
The formulaic salutations of informal writing in messages such as emails, postcards Written communication Dear ...
Love from ...


New words for this level are in bold

Clothes dress, shirt, T-shirt, trousers, skirt, boots, socks, shoes, trainers, hat, watch
clothes, jeans, jacket, tie, coat
Food, meals and drink food, cake, ice cream, chocolate, pizza, egg, biscuits, hamburger, hot-dog, omelette, steak, fish, salad, breakfast, lunch, dinner,  milk, juice, party,bread, tea, coffee, water, lemonade,  chicken, sandwich, sugar, ketchup, chips, cheese, sweets, butter
Birds bird, penguin, parrot, duck, hen, chicken
Jobs teacher, job, doctor, farmer, secretary, businessman/woman, policeman/woman, shop assistant, in the army, student
School pen, pencil, rubber, ruler, book, desk, computer, classroom, bag, blackboard,  homework, work, test, exam, student, lesson
Transport bus, bicycle, car, train, aeroplane, helicopter, boat,
taxi, bike, motor bicycle, motorbike, tractor, lorry (Brit), truck (Amer)
Animals animal, cat, dog, monkey, lion, bear, elephant, crocodile, snake, tiger, zebra, rabbit, mouse, fox, frog, spider, hippo, giraffe, horse, sheep, cow, pet
Household house, chair, table, window, door, television, bed, bath, clock, picture, vase, photo, radio,  mat,  floor, cupboard, video, mirror, sofa, armchair, shower, wardrobe
Kitchen glass, plate, bowl, cup, knife, fork
Vegetables vegetable, potato, tomato, carrot, cabbage
Fruit apple, banana, orange, lemon, pear, peach, cherry, strawberry, melon
fish, dolphin, octopus, shark, whale, starfish, goldfish
Garden garden, flower, tree, grass
Days of the week day, week, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday, birthday,
Months of the year month, year, January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
Sport sport, football, tennis, ball, swimming, basketball, volleyball, baseball, fishing, football match, tennis racket, running
Places school, house, park, garden, home, shop, kitchen, bedroom, bathroom, living room
zoo, farm, supermarket, office, cinema, cafe, restaurant, car park, flat, swimming pool, town centre, beach, sea, mountains, town, city, village, fields, country (e.g. England etc.), countryside
Musical Instruments guitar, piano, drum
Toys ball, kite, castle, soldiers, paint, paintbrush, puppet, drum
Weather sun, rain, wind, snow, hot, cold
Parts of the body hair, eyes, mouth, nose, face, arms, legs, foot/feet, head, hands
Letters a-z

Cardinal numbers

one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty
twenty-one to sixty
Time expressions four fifteen, [a] quarter past/to four, half past four, ten past four, four ten, ten to four, etc. morning, evening, today
Exams  letters, words, sentence, question, answer, story
Family members and people mother, father, brother, sister, baby, girl, boy, man, woman, children, family, child, aunt, uncle, cousin, grandmother, grandfather, Mum, Dad, friend
Shapes shape, square, circle, triangle, rectangle
Miscellaneous film, newspaper, magazine, star, moon, thing
 Size tall, short, big, small, long, little
Feelings happy, sad, favourite, best,
Colours colour, black, blue, green, yellow, white, orange, red, grey, brown, pink, purple
Age old, young, new
Other clever, nice, good
Modifiers very

am/are/is, cook, draw, drink, eat, go, have, has, like, listen, play, read, sit, stand, watch, wear, write, buy, can, clean, do, drive, get up, have/has got, live, look, make, ride, run, sleep, start, swim, talk, tell, understand, walk, want, wash, work,    

PREPOSITIONS in, under, behind, on, near, in front of, at, with, to
ADVERBS today, now, at the moment, never, always, sometimes, often, usually, every day, every week

Useful Links

Primary Level Exam Past Papers 

Step to Book Audio Files