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What does Junior test?

  • About 200 words (the First Step words, plus 100 more) from familiar categories such as parts of the body, animals, food and means of transport
  • Some useful structures to say who people are and what they’re doing
  • Some prepositions to say where people and things are
  • Some basic questions to find out what things are, or who things belong to

What does the candidate have to do in their Junior exam?

  • Match with lines
  • Choose answers
  • Write words and letters
  • Read and label

Performance Indicators

The student

  • has a basic vocabulary recognition of about 200 words
  • knows how to describe present actions
  • can identify and describe basic location and position
  • can follow a short, simple written text

Grammar and Structures List

Grammar and Structures What are they used for? Some examples
Present Simple (to be, to have, in the third person singular) Question form and short answers Describing personal attributes. Identifying an object He has black hair. The mouse is behind the cupboard. What is it? Is it a bird? Yes, it is. No it isn't.
Present continuous Describing present actions My brothers are watching a video. Jane is playing in the garden.
I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they Identification I am listening to the radio. She is wearing a yellow dress.
her, his, their, our, my, your, its Identifying relationships and possession My mother is cooking. His name is John.
A, an, the As part of the identification of an object Jane is playing in the garden. My brothers are watching a video.
in, behind, under, on, near, in front of t (recognition only -not actively tested) Describing location and position The telephone is on the table. The mouse is under the bed. At school, at home, at the beach.


Clothes dress, shirt, T-shirt, trousers, skirt, boots, socks, shoes, trainers, hat, watch
Food, meals and drink cake, ice-cream, biscuits, pizza, hamburger, hot-dog, omelette, steak, fish, salad, breakfast, lunch, dinner, milk, juice
Birds penguin, parrot, duck
School pen, pencil, rubber, ruler, book, desk, computer, blackboard, classroom, bag
Transport helicopter, boat, bus, bicycle, car, train, aeroplane
Animals monkey, lion, bear, elephant, crocodile, cat, dog, snake, tiger, zebra, rabbit, mouse
Household television, video, chair, table, house, cassette-player, bed, bath, clock, picture, vase, photo, radio, door, mat, window, floor, cupboard
Kitchen glass, plate, bowl, cup, knife, fork
Vegetables potato, tomato, carrot
Fruit pear, peach, apple, banana, orange, lemon
Fish dolphin, octopus, shark, whale, starfish, fish
Garden flower, tree, grass
Days of the week day, week, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday
Months of the year January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
Sport football, tennis, swimming, basketball, volleyball
Places park, garden, home, school, shop, house, kitchen, bedroom, bathroom, living room
Parts of the body hair, eyes, mouth, nose, face, arms, legs, foot/feet, head, hands
Letters a-z
Cardinal numbers one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty
Exams letters, words, sentence, question, answer, story
Family members mother, father, brother, sister, baby, girl, boy, children
Size tall, short, big, small
Feelings happy, sad, favourite, best
Colours black, blue, green, yellow, white, orange, red, grey, brown, pink, purple
Age old, young, new
  watch, play, listen, cook, wear, go, read, write, eat, drink, sit, stand, have, has, is, are, am
  a, an, the
  I, you, he, she, it, we, they
  my, your, his, her, our, their, its
  in, under, behind, on, near, in front of, at
(recognition only so that it can be understood in the phrases 'at school', 'at home', 'at the beach')

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