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What does Primary test?

  • About 400 words (the First Step and Junior words plus 200 more) in familiar categories like jobs, feelings, weather
  • How to make questions and answers
  • How to say you can and can’t do things
  • How to say you’ve got things, like things, haven’t got things and don’t like things
  • How to say the time and describe when things happen
  • Understanding messages

What does the candidate have to do in their Primary exam?

  • Read and choose answers
  • Match words
  • Fill in gaps
  • Write some words and phrases

The student

  • has a basic active vocabulary of about 300 words
  • can tell the time
  • can describe present actions, give personal and family information, describe habits, routines, and everyday activities
  • can communicate when and how often an action or event takes place
  • can form questions and negatives

Grammar and Structures List

Grammar and Structures What are they used for? Some examples
There is/ there are Identifying something/someone There is a book on the table.
There are four girls in the kitchen.
Present simple Talking about habits, routines, facts (such as where a person lives), the actions of everyday life My uncle lives in a small house.
She is thirteen years old.
I always take the bus to school.
The present simple with the verb 'like' + 'ing' in the third person singular and plural Describing what people or animals like doing My cat likes sleeping in the garden.
My brothers like playing football in the park.
Present continuous Talking about present actions My brothers are playing football in the park at the moment.
Interrogative forms of the above two tenses Asking and answering questions about the above Do they often go to the cinema?
Do you have/ Have you got a computer?
Are the children doing their homework?
Is she eating her breakfast at the moment?
Negative forms of the above two tenses Making the above negative Sue doesn't like dogs.
John isn't studying now, he is talking on the phone.
The modal 'can' Describing an ability or skill He can play the guitar.
They can cook.
All personal pronouns as subject or object - I, you, he, she, it, we, they, me, you, him, her, it, us, them Describing and identifying people, animals and objects Do you want my father?
He is in the garden.
John is with him.
Demonstrative pronouns - this, these, that, those Asking for, and giving information These are tables.
That family is rich.
Is this a kettle?
because, and, or, but Linking sentence parts and ideas John and Mary are in the garden because it is sunny.
What, Who, Where, When, Why, How many Asking questions about people, animals and objects What is this?
Who is that girl?
Where are Peter and Paul?
Adverbs of time - today, now, at the moment
Adverbs of frequency - always, never, sometimes, often, usually, every day, every week, every month
Describing when and how often someone does something or something happens.Discriminating between the present continuous and the present simple usually eat an egg for breakfast.
At the moment, John is playing in the park.
In, on, at, to Talking about time, place, position The examination finishes at 4 pm.
My brother is 10 years old in August.
I am going to Disney World on 1st August.
10.15 = ten fifteen or (a) quarter past ten Telling the time ten fifteen, twenty past one, half past ten, a quarter to two, eleven forty-five, etc.
simple nouns, including some common irregular ones
Countable and uncountable nouns
The names of common shapes
Talking about numbers of things
Talking about amounts and quantities
Describing the shape of something
e.g. book-books, box-boxes, man-men, woman-women, child-children, party-parties
Can I have the butter? Can I have two sweets?
This is a square. That is a circle.
The formulaic salutations of informal writing in messages such as emails, postcards Written communication Dear
love from


Nouns: sets of lexical items
Clothes                    dress, shirt, T-shirt, trousers, skirt, boots, socks, shoes, trainers, hat, watch                    
jeans, jacket, tie, coat
Food, meals and drink   cake, ice-cream, biscuits, pizza, hamburger, hot-dog, omelette, steak, fish, salad, breakfast, lunch, dinner, party, milk, juice                   
bread, tea, coffee, water, lemonade, egg, chicken, sandwich, sugar, ketchup, chips, cheese, sweets, butter
Birds penguin, parrot, duck                  
hen, chicken
Jobs teacher, doctor, farmer, secretary, businessman/woman, policeman/woman, shop assistant, in the army, student
School                    pen, pencil, rubber, ruler, book, desk, computer, blackboard, classroom, bag, friend                 
teacher, homework, work, test, exam, student, lesson
Transport                    helicopter, boat, bus, bicycle, car, train, aeroplane                
taxi, bike, motor bicycle, motorbike, tractor, lorry (Brit), truck (Amer)
Animals monkey, lion, bear, elephant, crocodile, cat, dog, snake, tiger, zebra, rabbit, mouse                 
fox, frog, spider, hippo, giraffe, horse, sheep, cow, pets
Household                    television, video, chair, table, house, cassette-player, bed, bath, clock, picture, vase, photo, radio, door, mat, window, floor, cupboard                 
mirror, sofa, armchair, shower, wardrobe
Kitchen                    glass, plate, bowl, cup, knife, fork                
Vegetables                    potato, tomato, carrot                
Fruit                    pear, peach, apple, banana, orange, lemon                
cherry, strawberry, melon
Fish                    dolphin, octopus, shark, whale, starfish, fish           
Garden flower, tree, grass
Days of the week day, week, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday
Months of the year January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
Sport football, tennis, swimming, basketball, volleyball                   
baseball, fishing, football match, tennis racket, running
Places park, garden, home, school, shop, house, kitchen, bedroom, bathroom, living room             
zoo, farm, supermarket, office, cinema, cafe, restaurant, car park, flat, swimming pool, town centre, beach, sea, mountains, town, city, village, fields, country (e.g. England etc.), countryside
Musical Instruments guitar, piano, drum
Toys ball, kite, castle, soldiers, paint, paintbrush, puppet, drum, gun
Weather sun, rain, wind, snow, hot, cold
Parts of the body hair, eyes, mouth, nose, face, arms, legs, foot/feet, head, hands
Letters a-z
Cardinal numbers one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, eleven, twelve, thirteen, fourteen, fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen, twenty
twenty-one to sixty
Time expressions four fifteen, [a] quarter past/to four, half past four, ten past four, four ten, ten to four, etc.
morning, evening, today
Exams letters, words, sentence, question, answer, story
Family members and people mother, father, brother, sister, baby, girl, boy, child, children
aunt, uncle, cousin, grandmother, grandfather, Mum, Dad, man, woman, friend
Shapes square, circle, triangle, rectangle
Miscellaneous film, newspaper, magazine, star, moon, thing
 2. Adjectives: sets of lexical items
Size tall, short, big, small, favourite, best, little
Feelings happy, sad
Colours black, blue, green, yellow, white, orange, red, grey, brown, pink, purple
Age old, young, new
Other clever, nice, good
Modifiers Very
3. VERBS watch, play, listen, cook, wear, go, read, write, eat, drink, sit, stand, have, has, is, are, am
live, work, walk, run, sleep, ride, drive, make, do, understand, want, like, can, swim, look, have/has got, get up, start, talk, buy, tell, clean, wash
4. ARTICLES a, an, the
5. PERSONAL PRONOUNS I, you, he, she, it, we, they
me, him, them, us
6. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES my, your, his, her, our, their
7. PREPOSITIONS in, under, behind, on, near, in front of, at
to, (by, about, for - may appear in certain expressions; not tested)
8. QUESTION WORDS What, When, Why, Where, Who, Whose
9. ADVERBS today, now, at the moment, never, always, sometimes, often, usually, every day, every week
10. CONJUNCTIONS because, and, or, then, next
11. DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS this, that, these, those

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